Miscellaneous > Williams Accumulation Distribution Indicators
Miscellaneous > Williams Accumulation Distribution Indicators

It was developed by Mark Chaikin, who is also known for developing the Chaikin Oscillator. Commodity and historical index data provided by Pinnacle Data Corporation. Unless otherwise DowMarkets Broker: Is this a scam or not? indicated, all data is delayed by 15 minutes. The information provided by StockCharts.com, Inc. is not investment advice. Trading and investing in financial markets involves risk.

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It is typically considered a bullish indicator if the price does not drop below the prior low on the move back down and volume decreases on the second decline. Since prices move more frequently when there is greater activity, investors may also track a security's tick volume or the number of price fluctuations in a contract. This is the ADL and OBV of Microsoft from 28th November 2013 to 28th November 2014 generated by this spreadsheet. The ADL and OBV rise in tandem with the price, confirming a strong trend. This ranges from -1 when the close is the low of the day, to +1 when it's the high. For instance if the close is 3/4 the way up the range then CLV is +0.5.

The price oscillates throughout the day and finishes in the upper portion of its daily range, but is still down 18% from the prior close. Traders need to monitor the price chart and mark any potential anomalies like these, as they could affect how the indicator is interpreted. The multiplier in the calculation provides a gauge for how strong the buying or selling was during a particular period.

Prior to trading options, you should carefully read Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options. Stay in the trade as long as the two indicators are supporting your trading decision. The drop is so strong that the stock even gaps down 4 periods after we enter the market.

Accumulation Distribution Formula

The A/D measure seeks to identify divergences between the stock price and the volume flow. The accumulation distribution line is a cumulative measure of the flow of volume or money of every time. A high positive multiplier used together with high volume indicates strong buying pressure that drives the indicator to a higher level.

The primary rule of the A/D indicator is that stock volume precedes stock price. The number of shares traded is relative to the rise and fall of its stock price. The A/D indicator, like other volume indicators, predicts the direction of the volume flow. It helps determine future stock price movements and hence provides an edge.

accumulation distribution indicator

If the Accumulation/Distribution indicator is moving up the buyers are driving the price move and the security is being accumulated. A decreasing A/D value implies that the sellers are driving the market and the security is being distributed. Turnkey Broker Introduction If divergence occurs between the Accumulation/Distribution indicator and the price of the security a change in price direction is probable. Whether money flows in a positive or negative direction, MFI tracks that flow.

Trading Signals

When anticipating the strength of a price’s trajectory, it may help a lot to see if there’s enough “tailwind” to sustain it. This is a simple yet powerful indicator that can replace volume, Money Flow, Chaikin Money Flow, Price Volume Trend , Accumulation/Distribution Line , On Balance Volume . When "Baseline Chart" option is disabled, it looks similar to regular volume. Basic modification of my SFP Momentum Indicator showing accumulation/distribution patterns based on breakouts above previous anchor points. Candles are colored based on whether accumulation or distribution was last.

ADL can reveal divergences between volume flow and actual price to primarily either affirm a current trend or to anticipate a future reversal. Developed by Marc Chaikin, the Accumulation Distribution Line is a volume-based indicator designed to measure the cumulative flow of money into and out of a security. Chaikin originally referred to the indicator as the Cumulative Money Flow Line. As with cumulative indicators, the Accumulation Distribution Line is a running total of each period's Money Flow Volume.

accumulation distribution indicator

As you can see, the ADI index kept increasing from January to March or at least held constant. For day n, calculate the Close Location Value , also known as the Money Flow Multiplier. Excel can help you calculate and plot ADL using a little VBA.

The Accumulation/Distribution Indicator (A/D) vs. On-Balance Volume (OBV)

If the current close is higher than the previous close, it adds the volume for that period. Whereas if the current close is lower, it deducts the volume. Divergence is an important signal, primarily a warning that the current trend’s direction may soon be changing. It is a great way to spot potential reversals and confirm the current trend’s direction. If the price is going down, but the A/D indicator is rising, that could mean there’s a bullish reversal on the horizon. Conversely, if the price is going up but the A/D indicator is falling, it could mean that the price has a good chance of going down (i.e., there may be a bearish reversal soon).

These are essential because they help to identify whether trends are supported by most traders. When the stock price and A/D indicator both make low peaks and low troughs, the downward trend is likely to continue. When the stock price and A/D indicator both make high peaks and high troughs, the upward trend is likely to continue. The above figure represents the accumulation/distribution (A/D) comparison chart of a stock for a period. The orange line is the stock price variation over the period, and the grey line is the A/D line for the same period. As you can see, the A/D line is relative to the stock price.

  • The multiplier will be positive if the buying pressure is stronger than the selling pressure and vice versa.
  • This ranges from -1 when the close is the low of the day, to +1 when it's the high.
  • The point is that the accumulation distribution indicator determines these values based on the high, low, close, and volume of the respective period.
  • The answer to this question is due to the differences in the formulas of these indicators.
  • The chart above shows Nordstrom with the Accumulation Distribution Line.
  • Selling pressure is beginning to increase, which usually signals a future downtrend in the price.

The interpretation of the A/D indicator is relatively easy. First, you need to ensure that you are using a chart that is trending. There are three steps to calculating the Accumulation Distribution Line . Second, multiply this value by volume to find the Money Flow Volume. Third, create a running total of Money Flow Volume to form the Accumulation Distribution Line . Distribution stock refers to a large block of a security that is sold into the market gradually in smaller blocks rather than in a single large block.


The Accumulation Distribution Line moved higher because the close was near the high of the day. Accumulation Distribution looks at the proximity of closing prices to their highs or lows to determine if accumulation or distribution is occurring in the market. The proximity value is multiplied by volume to give more weight to moves with higher volume. Close location value is used in technical analysis to determine where the price of an asset closes relative to the day's high and low.

Understanding the Accumulation/Distribution Indicator Formula

If the current close equals the previous bar’s close, the Acc-Dis value is unchanged. The OBV technical indicator uses volume to indicate momentum.The OBV indicator shows crowd... If the A/D line doesn’t move in the same direction than price, it creates a divergence which indicates weakness or strength. Line Color - This control allows you to choose the color and thickness of the line that represents the technical indicator in the chart. The blue line above, in the lower window pane of the chart, represents the Accumulation/Distribution Line based on Daily data for RNWK. The Accumulation/Distribution line is seen overlaying volume bars.

The chart above shows Nordstrom with the Accumulation Distribution Line. Notice how it is easy to compare price action when the indicator is placed “behind” the price plot. Top 5 most accurate intraday trading indicators The indicator and the price trend moved in unison from February to June. Signs of accumulation emerged as the indicator bottomed in early July and started moving higher.

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