Latin America needs public intervention to promote entrepreneurship in order to improve the quality of life and, in the long term, to make viable the possibilities of growth and economic and social development . This document compiles and analyses the main experiences and initiatives implemented to promote the participation of women and girls in the STEM sector. This study is an analytical and comparative document that includes the main experiences and initiatives implemented in the Latin American region to encourage the participation of women and girls in the STEM sector. The primary objectives of this study are to identify, contextualise, and analyse successful practices and initiatives at national and international levels for attracting, training, and promoting the participation of women and girls in STEM. The study systematises and compares policies and initiatives focused on gender equality in STEM. This list is by no means exhaustive, and further figures like Rosario Castellanos of Mexico and Celia Amorós of Spain should not be forgotten as they influenced the positions developed by these thinkers. All of these women dared to be thinkers at times when being a Latin American woman in philosophy was unheard of, and they have come to form the foundation of a canon of thinkers that paved the way for new and emerging voices.
- I would encourage women to work together to ensure that no women are left behind.
- These public policies must consider the cultural characteristics of each country and the statistical data, still scarce, about the situation of women entrepreneurs.
- Our study is the first to apply a task-based approach with a gender perspective in this region.
- Further studies on gender-based violence are recommended to measure the impact that this could have on women entrepreneurs.
The study found that participants in public programs had increases in sales, production per worker, wages, and employment in their companies. At the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing , the platform for action with respect to women’s equality and empowerment was defined. It changed the legal frameworks and created institutions oriented to develop and promote gender equality in several countries. A fundamental aspect for business development is access to financing, which can influence the success of new and growing women-owned businesses . In the financial system, the role of institutions is to capture resources from family savings and then, through credit, allocate them to investment projects and business and family initiatives. In this sense, the financial system is related to the economic progress of developing countries because it stimulates savings, capital accumulation, and a better allocation of resources or productive efficiency . Concerning female work activity in Latin America, the percentage of women who own a business is 2.8%, which represents less than half the percentage of male business owners .
Aidis, Weeks, and Anacker indicate that this may be reflected in equal legal rights, access to education, networking, technology, and capital. Institutional support is related to financing, governmental regulation, market opportunities, skilled labor, and connections to resource holders . In relation to institutionalism, there are international agreements to promote equity in different economic aspects; in spite of this, women entrepreneurs are not included in the agendas of Latin American countries. In this region, the process is still in progress; nevertheless, there are important achievements, such as the constitution of ministries of women, although at present not all countries in the region have ministries for women. In addition, there are various initiatives of plans or policies that address women entrepreneurship.
Federal investment in evidenced-based student success initiatives, like CUNY ASAP, could also help close completion gaps for students of color. And doubling the Pell Grant would have a significant impact on Hispanic student enrollment, since nearly 50% of them receive Pell Grants. In every single state we examined, Latinas have higher levels of degree attainment than Latinos . The average gap in attainment between Latinas and Latinos is 6.2 percentage points. In nearly half of the states we examined, the attainment gap between Latinas and Latinos is 7 percentage points or higher. In less than a quarter of states , the gap is relatively small — below 5 percentage points.
The promotion of women entrepreneurs’ networks and associations is one of the most widely used public and private tools to support the development of women-owned businesses. Nevertheless, these are isolated projects that are not clearly articulated; hence, their effectiveness is relatively low .
In Latin America, Heller notes that this is one of the main difficulties women entrepreneurs have. For this reason, women mainly use their personal savings for entrepreneurship and women progressively participate more in informal investments (Reference Romani, Atienza and Amorós Romani, Atienza, and Amorós 2012).
Latin America and the Caribbean Needs to Move Towards a Care Society for a Sustainable Recovery with Gender Equality
Several have formed theatre collectives—among them FOMMA (a Mayan women’s theatre company in Chiapas) and El Teatro de la máscara in Colombia. Some draw from cabaret and ‘frivolous’ theatre traditions to create intense and humorous performances that challenge church and state. Engaging in self-mutilation and abandoning traditional dress, others use their bodies as the platforms on which to stage their defiant critiques of injustice. Holy Terrors is a unique English-language presentation of some of Latin America's fiercest, most provocative art. Equally important as legal action has been the movement’s efforts to break the stigma against abortion and help people understand the realitieswomenandgirlsface when they’re forced to carry an unwanted pregnancy to term. In 2016,Planned Parenthood Globaland others began theNiñas, No Madres campaign to inform and engage the public about the consequences of sexual violence and forced motherhood for young girls.
Abortion deserts: America’s new geography of access to care – mapped
Young Hispanics, ages 18 to 29, are among the most likely to have heard of the term – 42% say they have heard of it, compared with 7% of those ages 65 or older. Hispanics with college experience are more likely to be aware of Latinx than those without college experience; about four-in-ten Hispanic college graduates (38%) say they have heard of Latinx, as do 31% of those with some college experience. By comparison, just 14% of those with a high school diploma or less are aware of the term.
My mother and my father, both lawyers, as I am, and some teachers at university. I think that in terms of mentorship and role models, we should not think that only more on latin american women at https://toplatinwomen.com/ women can be mentors or role models.
Young people took leadership in the streets, with the patient support of the “pioneers” from older generations. New language became common sense, using gender-neutral terms in the highly gendered Spanish language, and specifically speaking of gestating persons, thanks to the struggle of non-binary people and trans men. The movement combined parliamentary lobbying with the autonomous practices of self-organized underground networks that had made abortion possible for many every year with massive and heterogeneous mobilizations in the street. Simultaneously, the Peruvian government is implementing long-term policies to break the cycle of violence for children who fall victim to domestic violence. Programs include aspecial unitthat protects the rights of children orphaned by the murder of their mother, https://grdhospitality.com/2023/02/10/sucuri-website-firewall-access-denied/ or for survivors that were disabled by the act of violence against them.
With the 2016 creation of thenational plan against gender-based violence, the Peruvian government publicly acknowledged the epidemic and placed it as a government priority for years to come. Several agencies with specialized task forces now work toward femicide reduction and prosecuting the abusers,includingemergency centers for women, a hotline for victims of violence against women, https://www.riccolivo.com/genel/china-standards-2035-behind-beijings-plan-to-shape-future-technology/ and the Specialized Police Squad for Prevention Against Domestic Violence.
Although important progress has been made over the last 50 years (with womens participation rate going from around 20% in the 1960s to more than 60% toward the beginning of the 2010s), the pace of growth slowed down in the early 2000s. Once they enter the labor market, women tend to be employed in lower-paying and lower-quality jobs compared to men. On top of this unfavorable situation for women, they are in disadvantage in terms of the 21st century skills and they face “glass ceilings” which limit womens access to hierarchical positions, hindering their professional progression.